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Transforming into Open, Innovative and Collaborative Governments

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Work Package 5: Practices of External Collaboration for Policy Design


WP5 examines the conditions and practices of external collaboration in policy design, focusing specifically on e-participation platforms. WP5 will carry out empirical analysis of recent e-participation initiatives which are targeted at fostering collaboration between governments and citizens. The study employs both exploratory and explanatory approaches to investigate the functioning of e-participation practices and to identify drivers and barriers which contribute to the success of these initiatives. In doing so, the contextual factors that surround e-participation platforms – the national context, organizational and individual-level factors – will be explored. The WP5 ultimately tries to evaluate the influence of e-participation initiatives on policy design and external collaboration, and to develop policy recommendations for further improvement of functioning and administering of e-participation initiatives.


WP5 addresses the following questions:

  • How are e-participation platforms launched and developed?
  • What are the goals of e-participation platforms?
  • How are the e-participation initiatives administered?
  • How is the interaction between the government and the non-governmental stakeholders organized through the e-participation platforms?
  • Which national-, organizational -and individual-level factors are particularly important in explaining the functioning of e-participation initiatives?
  • Is there any causal relationship between the contextual factors and the impact of the e-participation process on the policy design?
  • What is the evidence of the influence of e-participation initiatives on the actual policy design?
  • What have been the effects and implications of e-participation initiatives on collaboration with stakeholders and citizens?
  • What are the critical success factors of e-participation initiatives?
  • What are the main lessons learned during the establishment/running of e-participation initiatives?

We conduct:

  • In addressing the above-mentioned research questions, a qualitative case study method will be used by conducting in-depth case studies on six e-participation platforms in Estonia, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and the UK.
  • Single case studies will form a basis of a comparative study of e-participation initiatives in Europe.