Our publications include project deliverables, i.e. TROPICO policy briefs and TROPICO research reports as well as academic papers.
D9.1 – A Review of Efficiency and Red Tape in Public Sector Collaborations
The TROPICO project examines the ways in which public administrations have adapted to enhance collaborative practices between governments, the private sector, and citizens to improve service delivery and inform policy design.
Article by Benedetta Bello, James Downe, Rhys Andrews and Steve Martin – “Does austerity drive public service innovation? Evidence from shared senior management teams in local government”
The article examines shared Senior Management Teams – a new response to financial austerity aiming to improve the efficiency of public services – and assesses their adoption in England. Published in Public Money & Management.
Article by Rhys Andrews, Benedetta Bello, James Downe, Steve Martin and Richard Walker – “The Motivations for the Adoption of Management Innovation by Local Governments and its Performance Effects”
This publication looks into the adoption of shared Senior Management Teams in English local governments by analysing the economic, political and institutional antecedents and performance effects resulting from implementation of such management innovation. Published in Public Administration Review.
Article by A. Paula Rodriguez Müller, Amandine Lerusse, Trui Steen, Steven Van de Walle – “Understanding channel choice in users’ reporting behavior: Evidence from a smart mobility case”
This article explores users’ reporting behavior in the development of new digital channels by looking into users’ personal factors (based on a smart mobility case in Flanders, Belgium), and discusses i.a. findings on the impact of digital divide on users’ channel choice. Published in Government Information Quarterly.
Article by Sonia Royo, Vicente Pina and Jaime Garcia-Rayado – “Decide Madrid: A Critical Analysis of an Award-Winning e-Participation Initiative”
This publication focuses on “Decide Madrid” – an award-winning e-participation initiative in Spain, and delineates main success factors and barriers that are conditioning the initiative’s performance. Published in Sustainability.
Article by Maike Rackwitz, Thurid Hustedt, Gerhard Hammerschmid – “Digital transformation: From hierarchy to network-based collaboration? The case of the German “Online Access Act””
This article looks into the German Online Access Act (OAA) and, based on that case study, examines how challenges like complexity, risk and power imbalance have been addressed in the institutional design and leadership. Published in der moderne staat – Zeitschrift für Public Policy, Recht und Management.
Article by Amandine Lerusse and Steven Van de Walle – “Local politicians’ preferences in public procurement: ideological or strategic reasoning?”
The publication gives insights from the discrete choice experiment looking into politicians’ preferences concerning (non-) price criterion in procurement, and to what degree such preferences relate not only to politicians’ ideology, but also strategic reasoning. Published in Local Government Studies.
Article by Chesney Callens, Koen Verhoest and Jan Boon – “Combined effects of procurement and collaboration on innovation in public-private-partnerships: a qualitative comparative analysis of 24 infrastructure projects”
This article discusses results of the research on public-private partnerships, and argues the importance of combining contractual stimuli and collaboration as a crucial factor to create innovation. Published in Public Management Review.
Article by Julia Fleischer and Nora Carstens – “Policy labs as arenas for boundary spanning: inside the digital transformation in Germany”
The publication discusses opportunities connected to the legitimacy and innovative policy design, and public accountability-related challenges when it comes to the boundary spanning in digitalization labs (created as a result of the implementation of the German Online Access Act). Published in Public Management Review.
Article by Amandine Lerusse and Steven Van de Walle – “Public managers’ valuation of secondary policy objectives in public procurement – results from a discrete choice experiment”
The article presents results of a discrete choice experiment conducted in Belgium and 3 other countries in the waste collection sector, and provides insights on how public managers value secondary policy objectives against price criterion in the public procurement. Published in Journal of Behavioral Public Administration.
Article by Agnes Batory and Sara Svensson – “The fuzzy concept of collaborative governance: A systematic review of the state of the art”
The article presents the current state of the art related to collaborative governance, discuss preliminary findings on ‘grey’ literature on this topic in Europe, and reflect on the connotations of the collaborative governance term in different European languages. Published in Central European Journal of Public Policy.
Policy brief on the citizen participation (in French)
This policy brief (French language) focuses on the e-participation platforms investigated in the TROPICO project and highlights success factors for improving citizen participation rate.
D2.4 – Article on “The use and abuse of participatory governance by populist governments”
This article argues that populist governments manipulate the language and methods of participatory governance. Advancing an analytical framework on content, process, effect, resource efficiency and communication dimensions, it illustrates these arguments with the National Consultations in Hungary in 2010–18. Published in Policy & Politics.
D2.4 – Article on “Regulating Collaboration: The Legal Framework of Collaborative Governance in Ten European Countries”
This article analyses the role of legal requirements for collaboration between governments and societal actors in the context of ten European countries. Published in International Journal of Public Administration.
Article by Vidar Stevens, Erik-Hans Klijn and Rianne Warsen – “Branding as a Public Governance Strategy: A Q Methodological Analysis of How Companies React to Place Branding Strategies”
The article looks into a new governance strategy in the public sector – public branding, and studies the perceived value of branding campaigns among their target groups, based on interviews with company owners conducted in the Rotterdam area, the Netherlands. Published in Public Administration Review.
The TROPICO leaflet describes the project, and provides details on the TROPICO research and the TROPICO consortium.
The poster describes the TROPICO project, its research, and its aim, in the form of a concise, visual presentation.
D10.5 – TROPICO Online Series 2020
The report summarises the TROPICO Online Series 2020 on “Collaborating for Digital Transformation: Achievements, Challenges and Future Solutions” that took place from November 27th until December 9th 2020, providing information on the focus of the event, participants, key reflections and lessons learned.
D8.2 – Long-term Unemployment Collaborations in Five Countries: Challenges and Lessons Learned
The research report takes basis in findings from case studies on local initiatives targeted towards the long-term unemployed, presented in D8.1 report, and compares the collaboration types and accountability relations, exposing differences and similarities connected to the accountability relations between the cases.
D7.3 – Annex to the Policy Brief – Extended list of recommendations
This Annex develops the recommendations presented in the TROPICO Policy Brief D7.3, offering further insights for practitioners involved in collaborative innovation for ICT-enabled public services.
D7.3 – Policy Brief – Enhancing innovation through public-private collaboration
The Policy Brief provides 13 recommendations for policy and practice explaining how to foster collaborative innovation for ICT-enabled public services, based on findings of case studies on collaborative eHealth projects conducted in TROPICO WP7.
D8.1 – Networks of account-giving in long-term unemployment collaborations in five countries
The research report presents five case studies on local initiatives targeted towards the long-term unemployed, and explores implications of collaborative governance for accountability.
Working paper on “The connotations of collaboration: European linguistic and scholarly perspectives on collaborative governance”
The working paper questions the assumption of common understanding of collaboration in European policy rhetoric and highlights the importance of government discourse. The paper also shows that the “collaborative governance” term can have different meanings in different country contexts.
D6.3 – Comparative case studies on collaborative management for government digitalisation and public sector innovation
The publication presents the WP6 case studies on collaborative management conducted in five European countries. Each country investigated two cases, one on the implementation of a national government-wide portal towards the EU Single Digital Gateway, and one on the implementation of a Smart City strategy.
D6.4 – Research report on collaborative management for ICT enabled public sector innovation
The report introduces five propositions explaining the key aspects of collaborative digitalisation, developed based on the literature review and tested by case studies on online digital platforms and Smart Cities presented in D6.3 report.
D7.1 – Practices of external collaboration for service delivery. Comparative case studies on external collaboration in eHealth partnerships
Based on 19 case studies of collaborative eHealth projects in five countries (Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, and the Netherlands), the research report investigates the conditions that affect collaborative partnerships in creating innovative public services.
D2.1 – Literature and Report Review
This publication reviews the academic literature and “grey literature” (reports produced by governments, independent research centres and think tanks) on collaborative governance, in order to map what is known about the role of institutional conditions for collaboration.
D6.1 – Meta-Analysis of e-government/digitalisation strategies
The meta-analysis compares sixteen digitalisation strategies published in eight European countries, shedding light on the visions, goals, and underlying assumptions that governments have towards collaboration in the context of digitalisation.
D2.2 – Codes of Collaboration Report
The report maps the constitutions, laws, statutory instruments and formal regulations or other rules and guidelines at national level on collaboration, data protection, data sharing and freedom of information in ten selected countries.
D2.3 – Research Report – Collaborative Government Frameworks in ten Countries
The report presents results of meta-analysis comparing regulatory frameworks in the ten selected countries, to identify their similarities and differences.
D3.1 – Local Civil Servants’ Stated Preferences When Collaborating
In this report, the authors present the results of a pilot study conducted in four countries to test different discrete experiments designs (DCE). They also explain the design of the DCE conducted with local civil servants responsible for waste collection at the municipal level (see D3.2 for the results).
D3.2 – Research Report – Local Civil Servants’ Stated Preferences When Collaborating
This report includes a preparatory review of the academic literature and the first results of a discrete choice experiment (DCE) examining the extent to which local civil servants consider economic, environmental, and social criteria as well as the ICT dimension when awarding a contract to a private company.
D3.3 – Policy Brief – When the Public Sector Chooses a Private Partner
The Policy Brief presents the main findings from the WP3 discrete choice experiments and provides key insights about how public servants choose a private partner.
Policy Brief – Transforming into Open, Innovative and Collaborative Governments
This Policy Brief is a four-page presentation of the TROPICO project, detailing the research, the impact of the project, the focus and cases covered by the TROPICO work packages, as well as the tools offered by TROPICO to share its findings and recommendations.
D4.2 – Research Report – Academic Expert Survey
This report presents a survey conducted with academic experts from various academic fields in ten countries about digitalisation and collaboration in European governments. It focuses on the experts’ perceptions and assessments of internal policy design.
D4.3 – Comparative Case Studies
The comparative analysis, based on five case studies in five European countries, looks into causal mechanisms of internal government collaboration, linking actors with the means of collaboration, and the usage and feasibility of ICT.
D4.4 – Policy Brief – Innovative collaboration for policy design through ICT. Empirical observations and implications
This Policy Brief summarises the empirical observations and implications resulting from the academic expert survey and the comparative case studies conducted by WP4, underlining key findings, practical implications, and recommendations.
D5.3 – Policy brief – Success factors for organizing and administering e-participation
The Policy Brief offers recommendations to policymakers who are involved in establishing or improving e-participation platforms, based on the empirical findings from the WP5 case studies.
D5.2 – Organising for e-participation: Learning from European Experiences
This report investigates the functioning of e-participation platforms in seven European countries, in a comparative analysis with a special emphasis on the “supply-side” of e-participation – the administrative and organizational context of such initiatives.
D5.1 – Comparative case studies on e-participation
The publication presents the empirical analysis of recent e-participation initiatives with the objective of fostering collaboration between governments and citizens, in seven European countries.
D6.2 – Policy Brief – Internal collaboration as a cornerstone of national digitalisation strategies. Empirical findings and recommendations
This Policy Brief offers recommendations on success factors for policymakers and public managers in charge of designing and implementing digitalisation strategies.
D10.4 – TROPICO Summit 2019
This publication provides a summary of the TROPICO Summit “Collaboration in the Digital Era: Evidence from European Governments”, which took place on 23-25 October 2019 in Tallinn (Estonia), presenting the programme, the participants, and the main impressions from the Summit.