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Transforming into Open, Innovative and Collaborative Governments

Podcast from the discussion with Siim Sikut, CIO of the Estonian government on the “The next step of digital public services: Experiences from Estonia” hosted by Hertie School


Work Package 2: Transformation of Institutional Conditions of Collaboration


WP2 explores the institutional conditions that shape collaboration within and by governments with special focus on formal rules regulating collaborative behaviour. What are the most important institutional conditions that facilitate or hinder collaboration? What do these conditions look like in the 10 EU countries selected for study? How do institutional, and particularly legal frameworks, differ across countries?


To answer these questions, WP 2 focuses on:

  • Institutional conditions, particularly formal rules embedding administrative traditions, reform trajectories and governmental and state structures
  • Codified rules on collaboration in laws and administrative guidelines (‘codes of collaboration’)
  • The impact of rules in terms of facilitating or obstructing the emergence of collaboration in and by governments

We conduct:

  • A review of the academic literature as well as relevant government and think tanks reports
  • A mapping of ‘Codes of Collaboration’ in ten countries
  • A comparative meta-analysis of regulatory frameworks in ten countries


The literature and report review

The review is the first research activity of the TROPICO project. It maps what is known about the role of institutional conditions for collaboration by reviewing scholarship on collaborative governance as well as reports produced by governments, independent research centres and think tanks (grey literature).


Report mapping Codes of Collaboration

The mapping of Codes of Collaboration serves to provide scholars and policy-makers with easily accessible knowledge about the rules and regulations pertaining to collaboration in ten European countries. The Codes are available in their original language with summaries in English.

Click here for the Codes of Collaboration collection


The comparative analysis

Based on input from partners in ten countries and available secondary data, the comparative analysis identifies similarities and differences in the institutional framework for collaboration across the case study countries. The report finds that ICT and digitalisation and a normative shift towards open government are important drivers of collaboration.